True or false? 5 annoying myths about e-cars you should know about


August 18, 2021
Electric cars don’t get far and aren’t more environmentally friendly than internal combustion cars? We put an end to half-truths!

E-car myths: There are still many half-truths circulating around electric cars. Most of them date back to a time when electric mobility was still in its infancy.

Time for a fact check! Which e-car myths are long outdated and which have a kernel of truth?

#1 E-car myths: Electric cars have a worse CO2 footprint

False. Viewed over their entire life cycle, electric cars have long been clearly ahead. Only the CO2 balance in production is worse than that of combustion engines. But as representative studies show, electric cars will have made up for this after 30,000 km at the latest.

Why is the CO2 debate so persistent among the myths about e-cars?

The criticism arose primarily from the heated debate about the manufacture of the batteries, which actually produces relatively large amounts of CO2 equivalent. Outdated model assumptions in scientific publications, including a much-criticized publication by the Ifo Institute from 2019, further fueled the discussions about the negative CO2 balance of rechargeable batteries

But today, everyone agrees, including former critics: viewed over the entire life cycle, e-cars unanimously get the green light in terms of CO2 emissions. They even perform better “with a significantly more positive greenhouse gas balance compared to conventional passenger cars,” according to an Ifo publication from 2020.
A study published in July 2021 by the ICCT (International Council on Clean Transportation) shows that a European compact-class electric car emits a full two-thirds less CO2 than an equivalent combustion engine. In fact, between 66 and 69 percent.

It’s also great that the CO2 balance will continue to fall as a result of more energy-efficient manufacturing processes that focus on renewable energy sources.

How does the Tesla Model 3 of the ELOOP fleet compare in the CO2 debate?

In 2020, Eindhoven University of Technology compared the CO2 emissions of a Tesla Model 3 with those of a Mercedes C 220 d. The result: at 91 grams of CO2 equivalent per kilometer, the Tesla produces 65 percent less CO2 over its entire life cycle.

Assuming the battery does not need to be replaced, the Tesla has already made up for its initial shortfall (due to the high CO2 impact of battery production) compared with the Mercedes C-Class after just 30,000 kilometers driven.

By the way: ELOOPS Tesla are powered by 100% green electricity – which additionally leads to a better CO2 balance!

#2 E-car myths: There are not enough charging stations

A classic among the e-car myths, in which there is (still) a kernel of truth. In and around Vienna alone, however, there are already over 1,900 charging stations – and the number is growing every day. In Austria, a total of more than 5,000 charging stations are available for electric cars, and the network is best developed in Lower Austria.

Overall, however, there is no doubt that there is still a lot to be done in terms of charging infrastructure in Europe. That’s why countless charging points for e-cars are being added every day. The rapid expansion is getting a boost from the increasing number of e-cars on the roads. Government subsidies for electric mobility also play a crucial role in the expansion of the charging infrastructure.

Supermarkets, parking garages, catering establishments and hotels that have not yet provided charging facilities for their customers will be stepping up in the near future. Companies are also becoming more aware of their responsibility and are gradually providing charging stations for their employees.

Even though there is still a lot of room for improvement, as long as charging stops are always planned for long trips and in rural areas, there is already nothing stopping relaxed driving with an electric car.

Tesla Supercharger charging stations in Austria and Germany

Tesla drivers can rejoice: the manufacturers are also pulling ahead in the expansion of charging stations, and Tesla is considered a pioneer here and is way ahead with its Superchargers. In Europe, V2 Superchargers with an output of 150kW are the most widespread. More and more Supercharger charging stations are being added – with increasingly higher charging capacities. Since July 2020, the charging infrastructure with V3 Superchargers with up to 250 kW has also been increased in Europe.

In Austria, there are currently 26 Supercharger charging stations with a total of around 200 charging points. In Germany, there are over 90 Supercharger locations, and in June 2021, the 1,000 charging point was installed (as of 07/2021). A map with all Tesla Superchargers can be found here.

#3 E-car myths: Charging takes far too long

Seriously, of course it takes longer to charge a battery than it does to simply flood fossil fuel into a tank. But the fact that the second isn’t a cool move that we’ll be happy to tell our grandchildren about hopefully doesn’t need any discussion. Or do we?

How long the charging time of an e-car is in practice depends on several factors. The two most important are the maximum charging power of the charging station and the charging power of the electric car itself. For both parameters, the lower value is the limiting factor.

For example, the time it takes to fully charge an electric car currently varies between 20 minutes and several hours. At a simple AC charging station, the average is currently two to four hours. It is much faster at a DC fast charging station. Since 2016, these have also been expanded throughout Europe. With 150 kW, sometimes even up to 300 kW, a range of around 100 km is possible after just a few minutes.

However, only very few electric cars are able to use the maximum power of the charging stations. In this case, the charging station recognizes the lower charging power of the electric car and throttles its own down accordingly. This shortcoming is unnecessary with luxury-class e-cars, such as a Tesla.

How high is the charging power with a Tesla from ELOOP?

You can hardly be more innovative on the road than with a Tesla, of course fast charging is possible at any fast charging station. The charging power of the Tesla Model 3 from ELOOP, for example, is up to 225 kW

This means: with a Supercharger the charging time is 45 min (10%-90% range), with CCS 50 kW the Tesla is fully charged again in one and a half hours, with a connection with 11 kW you get back to full range after 4.5 hours. A guide and tips for charging your Tesla from ELOOP can be found here.

Tesla Supercharger: Up to 120 km range in just five minutes

Tesla’s first Superchargers were tested back in 2012. Today, the technology is already so mature that the latest generation, the Supercharger V3, can reach a peak power of 250 kW. The Tesla Model 3 with its large battery can thus be recharged to a range of 120 km in just five minutes.

And the trend is upwards: Elon Musk tweeted in July 2021 that the Supercharger network will get an upgrade up to 300 kW and also already spoke of a V4 Supercharger generation with up to 350 kW.

With the increasingly powerful technologies, it is only a matter of time before the topic of charging time disappears by itself among the e-car myths.

#4 E-car myths: electric cars have too limited range

First things first: combustion engines (still) have a longer range than electric cars. The limiting factor in the range of electric cars is the battery. These are becoming more and more powerful – while the space required for installation remains the same. So it is only a matter of time before the electric engine beats the combustion engine in terms of range.

What range is now considered to be low for electric cars is subjective. In any case, most drivers expect a car to have a greater range than they would actually need in everyday driving. An analysis by VCÖ on the subject of e-mobility shows, for example, that 94% of all car trips by the Austrian population are less than 50 km long.

Since 400 km is already standard for many electric cars, the range problem for electric cars should not be a legitimate point of discussion, at least for everyday use.

What is the range of ELOOPS Tesla?

With a fully charged Tesla Model 3 from ELOOP you get a range of 420 km. This is enough for a spontaneous trip from Vienna to Zagreb, Ljubjana, Prague or Budapest.

With just one charging stop, you can easily get from Vienna to Berlin, Frankfurt, Munich, Zurich, Venice, Sarajevo, Belgrade, Warsaw or Krakow. Fancy a weekend trip? Register now and book your first trip!

Myth #5: Electric cars are less fun to drive

Ever driven a Tesla Model 3 from ELOOP? 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂

Sources:

„Faktencheck E-Mobilität Update 2018“: Was das Elektroauto wirklich bringt. Antworten auf die 10 wichtigsten Fragen zur E-Mobilität. Update 2018. Herausgegeben vom VCÖ – Mobilität mit Zukunft und Klima- und Energiefonds, 2., aktualisierte Auflage Wien, Jänner 2018. https://faktencheck-energiewende.at/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/FC_Mob18_gross_Web.pdf  ( zuletzt abgerufen am 09.08.2021).

Bieker, G.: A global comparison of the life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of combustion engine and electric passenger cars. ICCT – The International Council on Clean Transportation. Published: 20.07.2021 https://theicct.org/publications/global-LCA-passenger-cars-jul2021 (zuletzt abgerufen am 09.08.2021).

Buchal, C. Et al. (2019): Kohlemotoren, Windmotoren und Dieselmotoren: Was zeigt die CO2-Bilanz? In: IfO-Schnelldienst 72 (8), S. 40–54. https://www.ifo.de/DocDL/sd-2019-08-2019-04-25.pdf (zuletzt abgerufen am 09.08.2021).

Hoekstra, A. et al. (2020): Comparing the lifetime green house gas emissions of elec- tric cars with the emissions of cars using gaso- line or diesel. TU/e Eindhoven University of Technology. https://www.oli- ver-krischer.eu/ wp-content/uploads/2020/08/English_Stu- die.pdf (zuletzt abgerufen am 09.08.2021).

Hou, L.: Ökobilanz:Treibhausgasemissionen (CO2) von E-Auto –  BeiQi E150EV vs. Benzin-Auto BeiQi E150 mit Fokus auf China. Masterarbeit zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades Master of Science in Engineering (MSc) an derFachhochschule FH Campus Wien, eingereicht am 16.08.2019. https://bit.ly/3BLgthJ (zuletzt abgerufen am 09.08.2021).

Thielmann, A. Et al.: Batterien für Elektroautos: Faktencheck und Handlungsbedarf, Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung ISI, Karlsruhe, Januar 2020 https://bit.ly/3yRJiHs (zuletzt abgerufen am 09.08.2021).

Online-Informationen von wienenergie.at: E-Ladestation-Finder (zuletzt abgerufen am 07.09.2021.)


© 2021 Caroo Mobility GmbH | all rights reserved